Everything you need to know about the incorrect use of antibiotics by the patient … And the doctor!

Incorrect use of antibiotics – November 18 marks the  European Day for the prudent use of Antibiotics. The commemoration of this day is presented as an opportunity to consider the important intervention of pharmaceutical capitalism in health, making sense of the fight against bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a priority element.

If antibiotics are still used incorrectly, some microorganisms that currently do not pose any threat to health will be incurable within 10 years (WHO Source), this warning is considered since currently antibiotics are used deliberately in our environment without taking into account the correct prescription of the same

Each country is linked to different factors by which microbial resistance occurs, however, in a global way it is considered that the problem is mainly increased by indiscriminate medication by patients without the consent of a health professional, in addition to This we have a bad medical prescription.

Incorrect use of antibiotics by patients

  • They ask for antibiotics at the pharmacy without a prescription.
  • They use antibiotics recommended by other people
  • Improper use of the antibiotic, either in doses or on schedule.
  • Lack of adequate hygiene measures to prevent transmission
  • They are not immunized

Incorrect use of antibiotics by doctors

  • Deficiency in diagnosis and treatment.
  • Bad choice of antibiotic treatment.
  • Abuse of prescription antibiotics.

In view of the fact that the medications need to be used correctly independence of each patient in order to obtain the maximum level of effectiveness and seeks to present the lowest risk; Both WHO, the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the European Center of Disease Prevention and Control (CDC) have published  strategies to combat the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance, in the programs called “WHO Global Strategy for Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance”, Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States ”and“ Antimicrobial Resistance ”, respectively.

Consequences

Considering mainly that antibiotics are the most powerful tool to fight deadly diseases that have a bacterial origin, however, the excesses have caused as we have already mentioned a resistance that brings with it unfavorable consequences.

The consumption of antibiotics in cases that present with viral pathologies can cause more damage than benefits. When the use of antibiotics is contraindicated as in viral infections, such as the cold, sore throats, acute bronchitis and many types of sinusitis and ear infections; it can create a resistance that in the future in the presentation of more serious bacterial pathologies such as pneumonia acquired in the community.

 

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